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Music Instructor

Career Overview: Music Teachers instruct elementary, junior high, or high school students in performance and music theory. They also lead various performance ensembles at the school, such as the marching band, choir, or orchestra.

Average Annual Earnings: $47,000

General Earnings Range: $30,000-$72,000

Music Teacher (revised)

Become a Music Teacher

Career Description

Keith Hancock is a GRAMMY Music Educator award-winning Choral Music Teacher at Tesoro High School in Rancho Santa Margarita, CA. He tells us, “A typical day involves arriving at 7:45 am and teaching three choir classes, which are 100 minutes each. Between the first two periods, there is a tutorial period where students can come in to get extra help. In each choir period, I am teaching the students vocal technique, music history, music theory, sight-singing, and the learning of repertoire. I lead each rehearsal from the piano. Between classes and after school, I am answering emails, working individually with students, filling out paperwork, and planning events for the choir.”

Music Teachers report to their school Principal and their school district’s Supervisor of Music. Depending on the size and hiring budget of their school, they may also work in the classroom with a Teaching Assistant or Teaching Intern who is on the way to earning his or her degree. Music Teachers can be found in both primary and secondary schools, where they also lead musical ensembles like the choir, orchestra, concert band, marching band, or jazz band, in addition to teaching class periods. Usually, there will be a greater diversity of ensemble options at the high school level than at the elementary or junior high level. Therefore, High School Music Teachers are more likely to work full-time than their counterparts in the lower grades, who may only come in on designated days to teach music.

Many high schools have Choral, Band, and Orchestral Music Teachers on staff. While many of their job duties overlap, the demands will be slightly different based on which type of music they teach. Generally speaking, Teachers in these roles teach performance skills, improvising, reading music, and sometimes, composing.

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As part of their college coursework, aspiring Music Teachers begin their careers via teaching internships. They may also teach within their communities concurrent with their academic pursuits, perhaps as a community Choir Director or Private Instrument Teacher. Once they have received their state certification, they can apply to positions as a Teaching Assistant, Long-term Substitute Teacher, or a part-time or full-time Music Teacher. Assistant, Substitute, and part-time teaching roles are good preparation for a full-time career role, especially if these openings are difficult to find in the immediate area. Obviously, in this situation, advancement would mean landing a full-time teaching gig. For those who are already working as a full-time Teacher, advancement can mean moving to a school with a wealthier population, which would mean a salary bump. Other Teachers choose to move into administrative roles such as a District Supervisor of Music or a Music Curriculum Specialist.

Training & Education

“A classroom Music Teacher needs to get, at minimum, a Bachelor’s degree in Music Education and a Teaching Certification/Credential in Music. This process varies with each state’s requirements,” Hancock explains. Therefore, it makes sense to attend school in the state where you intend to teach. For example, colleges in California will be geared towards meeting California’s state teaching requirements, while a college in Kentucky may have differing requirements for teachers. Additionally, not all schools require the same level of academic credentials. Some may prefer candidates with Master’s degrees in addition their Music Education Bachelor’s.

Experience & Skills

“Having the ability to teach singing and play the piano is invaluable,” Hancock says. Piano skills are necessary for Instrumental Music Teachers, too, who are required to demonstrate keyboard proficiency in college. Band or Orchestra Teachers must also be able to demonstrate mastery of their principal instruments. “Other skills that aid in the process are repertoire selection, conducting skills, and interpersonal skills. The ability to lead a team, articulate goals, and do curriculum planning is a big benefit.” People skills and the ability to work with kids, teens, and young adults are, of course, paramount. Many of these skills can be learned during the teaching internship that’s required of Music Education majors.

For more on what it’s like to teach music, check out our blog.


“A Music Teacher needs to be a strong leader and a strong musician,” Hancock says. “They need to be able to relate to students and clearly articulate goals and know how to meet them. They should be organized and hard-working, and they need to be able to work with adults and children alike.” As such, it’s also important to be patient and communicative.


Everybody knows School Music Teachers get the summer off. But what’s a normal day like during the school year? Hancock says, “Most of my days I am teaching from 7:45 am to 2:45 pm, and I work after school until about 4 pm. I try not to bring work home with me but sometimes I answer emails and do some work at home. There are some outside rehearsals and performances that require me to spend extra time on a few nights throughout the year. I also take my groups on trips overnight, and these can last up to ten days.” Trips like these are the exception to the “summer off” rule, with many school music ensembles making regular performance trips during breaks (especially during summer break) to destinations in the US and around the world.


As has been mentioned, aspiring Music Teachers need to obtain their Music Education degree in the same state in which they wish to work. This is not only because of varying certification requirements by state but because teaching internships and community teaching gigs can help build a Teacher’s network of colleagues who know of openings in their schools or in neighboring districts. Fortunately, the path to landing a teaching gig in a school is more straightforward than many music careers. Hancock says, “After developing their musical education through schooling, they would need to find out what jobs are available through online postings and word-of-mouth. Applications need to be filled out and interviews need to be obtained.”


Music Teacher salaries can vary widely. This difference is based on experience and/or the school district in which he or she works. Teachers who are newer to the field will earn on the lower end of the spectrum; their salary increases as their time on the job does. In public schools, the districts are funded by property taxes so, generally speaking, schools in wealthier communities are able to pay higher salaries.

Unions, Groups, Social Media, and Associations

There are a huge variety of professional organizations and associations dedicated to teaching music, many of which have collegiate chapters so students can get immersed in the world of music education early. “I just know the vocal side,” Hancock says, “but definitely the American Choral Directors Association and the National Association for Music Education (fka MENC). That is crucial to getting professional development.”

Other groups which may provide valuable educational, networking and community resources include Music Teachers National Association, the College Music Society, National Association of Teachers of Singing, American String Teachers Association, International Association for Jazz Education, and International Society for Music Education

Getting Started

  • “Develop your content knowledge as much as possible.
  • Develop voice, piano, and conducting skills.
  • Develop confidence in your ability to concisely convey verbal information.
  • Talk to experienced Teachers to find out the best teaching strategies for a variety of situations and creative repertoire planning.”

Big Ideas

“You are responsible for everything that happens in your classroom. Don’t play the blame game. It’s no one‘s fault but yours when there are music or behavior problems. Figure out the solutions.”

“Most beginning Teachers do not develop themselves professionally to get themselves ready as a Conductor and as a Voice Teacher.”

“How do you foster a social environment in your class?

We do monthly social activities, a summer retreat, and have a mentorship program to build the team/family feel of the program.”




Keith Hancock is the Choral Music Teacher at Tesoro High School in Rancho Santa Margarita, CA, where he has taught for about a decade and a half. In 2017, he won the GRAMMY Music Educator of the Year award. His choirs have been invited to perform at the American Choral Directors Association’s Western Division conference twice. They have also performed in Spain, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, England, Ireland and Carnegie Hall in New York. His Madrigals group has journeyed to France, Germany, and Luxembourg. He has taken three barbershop quartets to the championships in the Barbershop Harmony Society’s Youth Barbershop Quartet contest.