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Career Overview: Leads a section of the orchestra, sometimes supervises rehearsals with the section, and assigns parts to musicians.
Career Salary Range: $28,000 to $143,000+
Become a Section Leader
Orchestras are made up of sections, and each section has a leader who is the principal Player responsible to the Concertmaster. His or her main function is to lead their section to produce the best sound possible during each performance. While most people can settle on what sounds “good,” it is up to the Section Leader to communicate what they expect. However, while doing so, who the Section Leader is should only be obvious to the orchestra, and not to the audience. Take, for example, the Section Leader of the strings, who must work to decide the pattern of bowing, and whom in the section should play individual or solo parts.
To come into the position as a Section Leader, an individual must audition and essentially “compete” against others. Those who stand out in auditions are individuals who maintain a good stage presence and advanced music ability. Other things like a thorough understanding knowledge of symphonic repertoire are essential if one wishes to obtain a position as a Section Leader. He or she should know how to sight-read and, and should be ready to do so at any time.
At other times, the Section Leader might be asked to be able to recognize talent, as he or she may be on the selection committee during auditions. Additionally, the Section Leader might be asked to supervise any rehearsals within his or her section. Some orchestras ask their Section Leaders to participate in the chamber music group of the orchestra.
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Salaries depend on the type of orchestra, where it is located, and how long the member has been in the orchestra. The American Federation of Musicians (AFM) sets minimum wages. Sometimes, the Section Leader will earn the same amounts as other Section Members, and in other orchestras they may be paid more. For example, the Section Leader’s salary can range from 10% to 35% more than those of section members. Either way, this amount is negotiated between the Section Leader and Orchestra Management. Those in full-time and major orchestras might earn anything from $28,000 to $143,000 or more per year. In part-time positions, Section Leaders may be paid on a per service basis and earn additional income by teaching.
As mentioned, those who apply for Section Leader positions will be longtime orchestra members. They will have the most experience, sometimes with a few different orchestras.
The ease of advancement depends on which section of the orchestra one is striving for. For example, the Section Leader of the violin section can move on to take the position of Concertmaster/Concertmistress position. However, traditionally this is a role given to violinists, so it’s not an option for other Section Leaders.
Education and Training
Conservatory training or a degree in music performance will assist the musician in his or her goal of becoming a Section Leader. Years of training and instrument study are essential.
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Experience, Skills, and Personality
As mentioned, to become a Section Leader, one must have experience as a Section Player. Also, many have experience playing in chamber music ensembles. In general, Section Leaders gain experience by starting off in youth orchestras, eventually honing their skills and abilities. And, as said above, the Section Leader must be a good yet subtle leader.
Unions and Associations
Most Section Leaders belong to the American Federation of Musicians (AFM), which is the union that sets the minimum pay scale for Musicians.
Suggestions for Getting Started
- Apply and audition whenever you have the opportunity to do so.
- Gain experience by taking part in many orchestral groups.
- Involve yourself in training programs held by the National Orchestral Association.
- Sit in on seminars and look for internships offered by orchestras, organizations, colleges, and associations.
- Check music-oriented journals and newsletters like The International Musician.
- Check for online listings via orchestra websites and job search sites.